S4 – Andarine Liquid


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SKU: 1X S4 ANDA LIQ Categories: , , Tags: ,



Liquid: 50mg/ml – 30ml

Chemical Formula:C19H18F3N3O6

Molecular Mass: 441.4

Synonyms: Andarine, 401900-40-1, GTX-007, (2S)-3-(4-acetamidophenoxy)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-N-[4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]propanamide, GTX007

CAS Number: 401900-40-1

PubChem: 9824562

Shelf Life: 36 months

Synonyms Andarine, Andarin, S-4, GTx-007

Peer-Reviewed Studies

Mass spectrometric characterization of urinary metabolites of the selective androgen receptor modulator andarine (S-4) for routine doping control purposes

Selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) are potent anabolic agents with tissue-selective properties. Due to their potential misuse in elite sport, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has prohibited SARMs since 2008, and although no representative drug candidate has yet received full clinical approval, recent findings of SARMs illegally sold via the internet have further supported the need to efficiently test for these compounds in doping controls. In the present communication, the mass spectrometric characterization of urinary metabolites of the SARM Andarine (also referred to as S-4) compared with earlier in vitro and animal studies is reported. Liquid chromatography interfaced to high-resolution/high-accuracy (tandem) mass spectrometry was used to identify phase I and II metabolites, confirming the predicted target analytes for sports drug testing purposes including the glucuronic acid conjugates of the active drug, its monohydroxylated and/or deacetylated product, the hydrolysis product resulting from the removal of the compound’s B-ring, as well as the sulfate of the monohydroxylated and the deacetylated phase I metabolite. The obtained data will support future efforts to effectively screen for and confirm the misuse of the non-approved drug candidate Andarine. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Crystal and molecular structure of ostarine and andarine

In recent years, an increasing focus has been given to the study of selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMS) due to the fewer side effects they exhibit compared to anabolic androgenic steroids. The crystal structure of ostarine (Os) and andarine (AND) has been determined by X-ray single crystal diffraction. It was found that ostarine crystallizes in the monoclinic system, P21 space group with Z = 2 and one molecule in the asymmetric unit, while andarine crystallizes in the tetragonal system, P42212 space group with Z = 8 and one molecule per asymmetric unit. A polymorph of ostarine (Os–P1) has been identified as being monoclinic, space group P21, Z = 2 with two molecules in the asymmetric unit and has been solved by X-ray powder diffraction using Parallel tempering Monte Carlo technique and refined by Rietveld method. This polymorph has been obtained by phase change as a result of heating. All studied compounds were further characterized by IR spectroscopy, differential thermal analysis (DTA) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The molecular self-assembly architectures are built by hydrogen bonds as O–H⋯N and N–H⋯O in ostarine, respectively O–H⋯O, N–H⋯O in andarine. Crystal packing energies were calculated using atom-atom force field method (London-Coulomb-Pauli, CLP) which involves the evaluation of Coulombic, polarization, dispersion and repulsion terms. Furthermore, Hirshfeld surface and fingerprint plot analysis was carried out in order to understand the presence of different intermolecular interactions and how hydrogen bonding holds the stability of the crystal structure.

Characterization of In Vitro Synthesized Equine Metabolites of the Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators S24 and S4

Several selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) have been synthesized and investigated in humans, rats, and dogs in the past, but no data are yet available concerning the metabolism of SARMs in horses. The aryl-propionamide-derived drug candidates S24 and S4 (andarine) have a strong androgen receptor binding affinity and show distinctive specific cell answers. Although no SARM drug candidate (aiming for testosterone replacement therapy) has completed clinical trials yet, S4 has been illicitly available via the Internet. These facts led to the prohibition of SARMs by the German equestrian federation, and the (mis)use of such compounds would further represent a doping rule violation in horse racing. In this study, the drug candidates S24 and S4 were subjected to in vitro metabolism experiments with equine liver microsomal preparations from a female Quarter Horse to obtain information about potential target analytes in equine doping control analysis. The enzymatically synthesized metabolites were characterized by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry and –high-resolution/high-accuracy mass spectrometry. All observed S24 and S4 equine metabolites are in agreement with earlier in vitro and in vivo studies in humans and dogs. Nevertheless, the relative percentage of generated equine metabolites (as determined from the analytes’ response in full-scan chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry and –high-resolution/high-accuracy mass spectrometry measurements) differs considerably from the reported profiles. Although the S24 metabolite pattern is comparably balanced concerning glucuronidated and sulfonated conjugates, the major S4 metabolite was found to be the unconjugated dephenylated compound, with a proportion of more than 90%.

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The products offered on this website are furnished for in-vitro studies only. In-vitro studies (Latin: “in glass”) are performed outside the body. These products are not medicines or drugs and have not been approved by the FDA to prevent, treat and/or cure any medical condition, ailment or disease. Bodily introduction of any kind into animals or human is strictly prohibited by law.

Additional information

Weight0.5 lbs
How Many Bottles?

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 20, 40, 100

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